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An exploratory study of affecting key factors on market orientation by small and medium scale enterprises

Authors:

T. S. L. W. Gunawardana ,

University of Ruhuna, Matara, LK
About T. S. L. W.
Faculty of Management and Finance
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E. K. Jayampathi

University of Ruhuna, Matara, LK
About E. K.
Faculty of Management and Finance
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Abstract

Small and Medium scale Enterprises (SMEs) are called as the engine of the economy in developing countries such as Sri Lanka. Accordingly, SMEs are playing significant role in socio economic development of any country. In Sri Lanka, SMEs are contributed for the national GDP by 70% (Central Bank of Sri Lanka, 2013). Majority of SMEs are being engaged with local resources utilized business activities. SME creates a platform for locals to manufacture products and services using indigenous resources to get its optimum contribution for the nation. Majority of SME entrepreneurs are doing their own enterprises utilizing their own skills, knowledge, and expertise and so on. They are much creative enough in developing new product and service concepts in order to the market standards. How much standards they are following on, marketing their products and services is the main obstacle they have confronted. Due to poor market orientation practices followed by SMEs, still they cannot produce their maximum contribution to the economy. Having an intention on these obstacles confronted by SMEs, this study is designed to identify the key determinants affecting on market orientation by SMEs. Further this study attempted into identification of issues and barriers that are inhibited the producing market oriented products and services by SMEs. For the purpose of this field study researches have selected Matara District as their research site. Small and Medium scale entrepreneurs were the population for this study. Numbers of 50 SMEs have been randomly selected for the sample and a structured questionnaire was used to gather relevant primary data. Using factor analysis technique results were found. The results were discussed relating to four key areas; market based rewards systems, top management emphasis, inter-functional connectedness and management risk posture. Finally the study concluded that designing the cushion environment for SMEs is the responsibility of policy making bodies to get the maximum of SMEs within this challenging economic conditions and hostile competitive environment.
How to Cite: Gunawardana, T. S. L. W., & Jayampathi, E. K. (2016). An exploratory study of affecting key factors on market orientation by small and medium scale enterprises. Journal of Business Studies, 3(1), 50–63. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jbs.v3i1.31
Published on 30 Jun 2016.
Peer Reviewed

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